When people hear I’m an accountant and used to be an auditor, I can put money on the next two statements that come out of their mouth. “Oh, so you do taxes?” and “I didn’t know you worked for the IRS!”
I mean, yes, I have done taxes, but that’s a very small portion of my work. In fact, many of my colleagues don’t do any taxes and probably never will. And we’ve said it before, but we will remind you again: just because someone is an auditor does not mean they work for the IRS.
This leads me to my point. Although some accountants do taxes and some go on to work for the IRS, there are many more areas that accountants find themselves working in. In fact, there are so many unique areas that we thought we would break them down for you. Here are some of the different types of accountants:
- Tax Auditor – These accountants work for the government and help make sure tax returns are filed correctly.
- Public Accounting Auditor – These accountants are employed by public accounting firms (like us!) and are hired by companies to make sure all accounting records and financial statements are accurate. They work closely with these companies to correct any issues, and make sure the company has good safeguards and controls around their accounting department.
- Internal Auditor – I promise, this is the last auditor! This type of auditor is generally employed by a specific company and focuses on uncovering and correcting inefficiencies and preventing fraud within the organization. They also check the work of the accounting department to ensure everything looks correct. They do all of this to help your business run better.
- Tax Accountant – This type of accountant helps companies or individuals with all things related to, you guessed it, tax. This could be personal or business returns, tax planning, estate planning and even succession planning for their business. Tax accountants often focus on a specialized area of tax, such as international tax or state and local tax, to name a few.
- Forensic Accountant – This type of accountant practices in a very specialized area of accounting focused around detecting and uncovering issues. This could be fraud, embezzlement or even bankruptcies. These accountants may also act as expert witnesses in court.
- Bookkeeper – Working as a bookkeeper focuses on originating and organizing business transactions and entering this information into the accounting system. Common duties of a bookkeeper include sending customer invoices, processing cash receipts and paying bills, to name a few.
- Controller – The Controller acts as a manager of the accounting department, and is responsible for all transactions and controls within the department. Often times, this includes the preparation of financial statements and checking to ensure there is accuracy throughout the department.
- Chief Financial Officer –– This is a high-level accounting position in a business, which can sometimes be overseen by the president or vice president of finance in the organization. Being at such a high level, this position holds a substantial amount of responsibility. Some of the duties of a CFO include overseeing the accounting function, managing taxation of the business and assisting with strategic planning. It is safe to say that a CFO is not just a one trick pony. (To learn more about the cast of financial characters, check out this blog).
- Consultant – This type of accountant brings a high subject matter expertise to their clients. They often times have many years of experience in many different areas of accounting, and can help a business with many of their needs, rather than focusing on one specific area. This could include strategic planning, implementing accounting systems, making sure the company is running efficiently or even helping a business grow.
Accountants are able to specialize in a certain area within their practice and are therefore able to meet clients’ specific needs. Specialization can also be fun for accountants (yes, we said fun!) because they are able to focus on what they enjoy.
So there you have it. We’re not all tax accountants and most of us have never, and will never, work for the IRS. However, we do come from different backgrounds that have given us vastly different experiences that have helped us decide where we belong in the world of accounting.
(Shameless plug: if any of these people sound like someone your business could use, contact us!)