Have Questions? We have Answers

In our line of work, we get a lot of questions on anything and everything related to owning and operating a business (and we’re happy to answer them, too)! While a lot of these questions are usually pretty easy to answer, sometimes we get a few that really make us think. Even then, we enjoy researching and finding the answers to help business owners be successful.

So, what questions do you have about your business? We would love to help you reach your dreams and goals.

In case you think your question might be too far out there, we promise it’s not. Check out some of these questions (and our answers) to get you started on finding the information you need to watch your business succeed.

“I have invoices coming out of my ears! What do I do with all of them?”

When you have a large amount of invoices to deal with, it’s easy to get overwhelmed and lose track of what needs to get done. When invoices aren’t being properly managed, your business can see some serious negative side effects, such as fraud. Looking to an automated system, such as QuickBooks, is also a great way to keep your invoices at a manageable level.

“Where in the world did all of my cash go?”

This question is more common than you may think. While your business may be profitable, you can still be running out of cash, which might be a concern. Financial struggles can be hard, but our professionals are available to help. Check out this blog – and then, let’s talk!

“Why don’t I have enough time to do everything that needs to get done?”

We get it: owning and operating a business means you have a lot on your plate. From accounting and finance, to human resources to the day-to-day operations, you probably don’t have enough time to do it all yourself. The good news is you don’t have to! Consider your team of employees. What can you delegate to take some of the burden off your shoulders and free up some time? Another option is outsourcing. When you outsource some of your business activities, such as your accounting processes, you free up time to focus on why you got into business in the first place.

“What is this accrual accounting thing I hear so much about? Am I doing it?”

Knowing the specific ins and outs of accounting can be a confusing, daunting task. What it comes to what method of accounting you are using, the water may get even muddier. Maybe you’ve heard of cash based accounting and accrual accounting, but you really have no idea where to begin. We’ve written multiple blogs on how to tell the difference and how to select what fits your business and set up your books. Check them out!

“Taxes terrify me. Where do I even begin?”

Taxes are a complex issue, and questions regarding this topic are common. Whether you want to know more about R&D tax credits, employer vehicles and mileage, how to track your taxes or even all those pesky (yet necessary) forms, we’ve got you covered. Check out our tax archive for answers to all your most pressing questions. If you can’t find the answer, let us know.

Remember, although we numbers nerds really like our financial lingo, we promise to answer your questions in a way you will understand, not just a bunch of accountant talk. After all, we want to see your business succeed!

Even in 2017, Cash is Still King

We’ve all heard the phrase “cash is king”, and we’ve even written a blog about it, but what does it really mean? In the business world, it means even a company with a healthy equity balance can get into trouble if their cash balance cannot support short term operations.

Here’s an example to help illustrate our point. The below table shows three scenarios. In each scenario, the company has $4,500 in current assets, $1,500 in current debt, and $7,000 in equity. The income statement remains unchanged in each scenario, however management in Company C is managing their working capital better, due to a larger chunk of their current assets coming from cash.

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How Long Until We Get Paid?

One of the best ways to understand how to improve cash and working capital management is to monitor “Days to Cash.” Days to cash measures how long it takes for a company to convert resource inputs into cash flows.

The days to cash formula measures the amount of time from when inventory is first purchased and the company has a cash outlay (payment period), how long it is held (turnover period) and how long until the customers pay their receivable balance (collection period)Publication1

In other words, where the balance in accounts receivable is greater and cash is down (scenario A), the collection period is 49 days, as compared to the 21 days noted in scenario C. With the turnover period and payment period the same in each scenario, it is easy to see how the balances in receivables and cash impact the number of days until the entity has cash deposited in the bank.

Why Do Good Companies Run Out of Cash?

There are many reasons a company runs out of cash. Sometimes, it is due to poor collection policies or overspending on equipment and inventory. Other times, it is based on how the company is structured; entities like colleges and universities are able to collect tuition dollars before the students start school, padding the cash balance. Yet other entities run out of cash because of their successes. These companies may grow too fast and their cash gets tied up in inventory or receivables.

With low interest rates and payments being automated and billed over longer periods of time, it might seem like cash isn’t worth all that much on the balance sheet anymore. However, the above example doesn’t lie: to keep your business operating smoothly, you need to remember that cash is king. Our team is available to help you manage your money and keep cash flowing smoothly through your business.

Getting Your Business Back on Track

There are a lot of considerations that go into running a small business, especially one in the process of growing and improving, but it’s not always easy. In fact, often times it might feel like your business just won’t cooperate and you might feel like you’re losing control.

How do you get back on track and help your business live up to its potential? Here are six areas you as a business owner can focus on:

  • Sales – Sales figures can help you determine revenue and inventory purchases, so keeping accurate records is important. To do this, implement detailed policies and procedures for all types of sales, whether it be cash, checks, credit cards or online sales. Consider using an invoicing system when shipping goods and having proof of delivery when goods are shipped. Also be sure to check your invoices against sales and payments to ensure everything matches up correctly.
  • Accounts Receivable – We’ve mentioned this a lot: keeping up on accounts receivable is important. Income from your operations is what keeps your business going, so making sure you collect, and on time at that, is very important. To keep up on AR, establish collection policies in writing, and make sure to follow through on implementing these policies. Here are some ideas:
    • Establish a solid system for billing, such as numerical or batch processing
    • Have a timely review process for all accounts
    • Keep your accounts receivable separate from cash
    • Have security measures in place for communicating
  • Accounts Payable – Just like it’s good when your business receives cash, other businesses need to be paid as well. Keeping up on payments can help your business establish a trustworthy reputation which can ultimately lead to more success and growth. Unfortunately, AP is an area that many businesses struggle with. To stay out of hot water in this area, consider setting up procedures for cross checking payments, always check pricing options from competitors and vendors and be sure that billing amounts are being entered correctly.
  • Cash – Businesses that accept cash (especially a lot of cash) are at a high risk of loss due to theft or other discrepancies and errors. Keep your cash in control by having employees balance cash at the end of their shifts, have controls in place to ensure employees can’t pocket the cash without entering the transaction, check and reconcile bank balances regularly, keep all cash payment methods secure and pay attention to your business’s cash flows.
  • Human Resources and Payroll – Technology has made it easier for hackers, scammers and even bad-egg employees to commit fraud or other harm to your business. To keep your people (and your business) safe, consider the following:
    • Require password updates regularly- for you and your employees, and make sure to keep all passwords safe and not written down.
    • When it comes to payroll, review the details (do you know all those employees?) and checks/direct deposits to make sure pay is being disbursed properly.
    • Pay attention to any differences between payroll expenses and monthly budgets – this could be a red flag that someone or something has gotten access to your books.
  • Physical Assets – The physical assets your business owns, such as machinery or laptops, are of great value to your business – you don’t want anything happening to them. When it comes to laptops and other electronics, make sure they are safeguarded or locked up. This makes it difficult for someone to steal the physical piece itself, along with the information stored on it. Cyber security problems are on the rise (seriously, check this out), so keeping these assets on lock down can help prevent data breaches and other cyber-crimes. Record asset purchases and monitor use and depreciation on them to stay up to date on their value. Also consider setting a usage policy so assets aren’t falling into the wrong hands or being mishandled.

While there are many areas of your business that deserve your time and attention, these are some areas that can help you keep control over the growth and direction of your business. Your trusted business advisors can help you set goals and policies to ensure that everything is running smoothly in your business. If you need help, just ask!

 

 

 

The Hidden Monsters of Accounting

halloween-graphic-finalHappy Halloween! With it being the scariest time of the year, you are probably thinking about black cats, jack o’ lanterns and how to sneak away with a little bit of your child’s Halloween candy. However, you’re probably not thinking about another topic that can be frightening to some: accounting!

We promise, it’s not that scary… we numbers nerds actually find it pretty fun! But, there are some monsters hiding in the accounting world that you should always be on the lookout for.

The Zombie — Assuming Profits Mean Cash Flow

It’s easy to make a sale (we’re talking either a sale of goods or services) and subtract your costs and then record the remaining amount as a profit. But if you’re allowing your customer to purchase on credit (meaning you are letting them pay you later), don’t be too fast to count it as cash in your pocket and spend it on your Halloween costume. What if it takes longer than expected to collect? What if you don’t collect? Now you have cash flow issues you weren’t anticipating.

It may be tempting to think profits and cash flow are the same, but by doing this, you’re giving yourself a twisted image of your company’s real condition and this can lead to even bigger problems down the road. Like a zombie, your financial statements (if you don’t understand them) can rise from the dead and scare you. If you need more help with this concept, check out this blog.

The Vampire – Not taking Bookkeeping Seriously

It’s easy to pretend bookkeeping doesn’t exist (just like vampires). However, if you’re not keeping accurate books, you might be in for major struggles that can be very painful in the future.

No matter the size of your business, investing in accurately tracking your business financials can be compared to garlic. That’s right, maintaining a good bookkeeping system can protect your business from the vampires who can suck your financials dry. Having accurate, timely financial statements also gives you confidence when making your business decisions. 

Frankenstein – Not Having a Clear Budget on Each Project

Does your company operate without a budget? And we’re not talking about the kind of budget you fill out at the beginning of the year and forget about the rest of the time. We’re talking about a rolling budget; the kind you reference and update throughout the year (ebbs and flows with the changes in your business). Operating without any financial guidance could result in a freaky experiment with the end product not being what you hoped for.

Operating without a clear budget can make it difficult for your company to keep in check, and can lead to spending a lot of your hard earned money unnecessarily (nobody wants to flush money down the toilet). Don’t throw everything into one pot and hope it turns out. It is best to have a rolling budget to start with the end in mind and to help provide a roadmap for getting there.

The Witch – Lack of Accountability

Do your people know what is expected of them? And do they know what they should be doing day-to-day to meet those expectations? Lacking accountability can lead to some serious confusion; it may be a struggle to figure out who’s flying around on which broom.

It is extremely important to define everyone’s roles and performance expectations. Not only that, tell them how they can meet those expectations by relating them to their day-to-day tasks. We’re talking about KPIs (key performance indicators).

And now a plug for accounting (let’s be honest, you knew that was coming). Having timely, accurate financial information is important as many KPIs are tied to financial information. Make sure you are holding your people accountable against accurate information.

The moral of dealing with this Halloween monster…having accountability in your business can help your people know which broom they should be flying and be able to fly them in the same direction.

The Ghost – Failing to Reconcile Your Books With the Bank

Failing to reconcile your accounts frequently can come back to haunt you. When you reconcile your books, you are ensuring an account balance is accurate and correct, and that it can be tied back to supporting documentation (such as your bank statement). Without reconciling your accounts, there could be a ghost hiding around the corner. Boo!

All accounts should be reconciled (especially the balance sheet), no matter the size. From cash to accounts payable, these accounts all have an impact on your financial situation. Small to mid-sized businesses should especially be sure to reconcile their books every month to ensure the accuracy of their financial information. And don’t be afraid to reconcile them more frequently. For example, if you are experiencing cash flow deficits or concerns, you may want to consider tracking your accounts receivable, accounts payable and cash more frequently just to keep those ghosts at bay.

The Mummy – Managing All Accounting Tasks In-House

It is a common misconception that handling all of your accounting activities in-house will allow you to save money. That’s not always the case. Depending on your situation, outsourcing might actually save you money. In some cases, outsourcing is less expensive than hiring internally (remember all the cost associated with your people, onboarding, training, wages, benefits, etc.). Not only that, a reputable outsourced accounting provider may save you money due to costly bookkeeping errors.

If your business is too busy getting wrapped up in all of the accounting details, you may struggle to pay attention to other important parts of the business, and this can hurt your company – whether in the loss of revenue, customers or even reputation. Outsourcing your accounting needs (we can help!) allows you to ensure the other parts of your business are running smoothly, and lets you get back to why you got into business in the first place.

 

Although these accounting monsters may be scary, they are avoidable. With the right knowledge and skills, your business can avoid these tricks and instead focus on the treats of timely, accurate financial information.